Embarrassing Bodies Down Under

Contraception: What You Need to Know

With so many different types of contraception available, let Dr Brad McKay help you find one that works best for you.

Contraception are ways of having sex without getting pregnant or getting an infection. The two main types of contraception are either condoms or the oral contraceptive pill.

Condoms are one of the best forms of contraception because when they're used correctly, they're 98% effective at stopping people from getting pregnant. They're also fantastic at stopping people from getting infections. But they're not 100%. Sometimes they can tear or break, and  people put them on incorrectly and they can come off during sex.

Men don't have to orgasm to get a woman pregnant, There is what is called pre ejaculate which is a small amount of fluid which can be rich in sperm which comes out before orgasm occurs. It's important to put a condom on way before that has a chance of happening.

If condoms aren't for you then oral contraception is another option. The oral contraceptive pill is the most commonly used pill. The pill is taken once a day in the morning and it's fantastic for getting regularity of cycle, reducing period pain and also helping with mood.

There are two types of oral contraceptive pill: 
- One is the combined oral contraceptive.
- The other type is called the progesterone only pill.
Both pills contain hormones which stop you from getting pregnant but they won't stop you from getting sexual infections.

Apart from condoms and the pill, there are many other methods as well. There are female condoms that can be used. There are implants of hormones that can be put underneath the skin. Intrauterine devices to put into the uterus. More permanent options like sterilisation should only be considered if you decide not to have children or if you've already completed your family.

Emergency contraception is also very valuable if you've had sex but you haven't used contraception at the time. If you've had unprotected sex or if you're worried about a sexually transmitted infection or pregnancy, speak to your doctor who can advise you what to do next. 

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