The philosophy behind permaculture is one of working with, rather than against, nature. It is the harmonious integration of landscape and people providing food, energy, shelter, and other material and non-material needs in a sustainable way.
In episode one of Matthew Hayden’s Home Ground, garden designer Nicole Moon, sets out the following plan for Matt’s garden.
Traditional permaculture design comprises of five zones. The first is Zone 0, the home center or the house. In this zone, permaculture principles should be put in to action as a start how man and nature should work together.
Zone 1 should come after the house or nearest to it. All the components in this area are those that need constant human attention such as the garden and organic material bins.
Zone 3 is where plants are grown and harvested and Zone 4 is where the ponds and shrubs are placed. Zone 4 is also where lumber is produced and where woodlands are commonly managed.
Zone 5 is the wilderness. It is placed in the last zone since it is self-sustaining and does not need a lot of human attention.
Matthew Hayden’s permaculture garden
• The house
• Main vegetable growing space.
• Optional nursery benches for raising seedlings and cuttings.
• Worm farm and compost.
• Chook pen and nesting boxes which are visited on a daily basis.
• Dwarf citrus (peachcot, lemonade, fruit salad, lemon and lime, bush lemon), vines and “training” fruit trees (lychee and fig), olive trees, pawpaw trees and a mulberry tree that overhangs the chook run.
• An Isabella grapevine over the chook shed to act as a solar pergola. This provides shade and fruit in summer and allows the sun to warm the chicken run in winter.
• An area where the chooks can run free, fertilise the trees and minimise pests in the orchard area.
• Orchard trees (macadamia, avocado, custard apple, mango, pecan and loquat).
• Possible area for livestock if required.
• A wildlife corridor of natives on the edge of zone four.
The philosophy behind permaculture is one of working with, rather than against, nature.